This is one of the first pattern blocks used in America. The Ohio Star quilt block is sewn together using triangles and square shaped pieces of fabric.
The block is made up out of nine segments some only consisting of one piece of material while others have different pieces sewn together. The term used for this block is called a nine patch, as all of the nine segments are sewn together at the end.
The finished patchwork piece measures 12 inches (30cms)
For this patchwork design you will need four different fabrics. This includes the background. The whole point of this design is to have the Star stand out from the background.
The Star fabric could be either darker, brighter or ,if doing it in reverse, paler than the background material choice.
Try to cut your patchwork pieces as accurately as possible to ensure the block fits together well.
Make sure the edges are straight and ninety degrees to the selvedge to ensure that all the pieces fit together.
Material 1 - Cut out one 4 1/2 inch (11.5cm) square. This is the middle of the star.
Material 2 - Cut out one 5 1/4 inch (13.5cm) square. Cut this in half diagonally to make two triangles and then cut diagonally again so it makes 4 triangles.
Material 3 - Cut out two 5 1/4 inch (13.5cm) squares. Cut each one diagonally twice so there are eight triangles.
Material 4 (background) - Cut out four 4 1/2 inch (11.5cm) squares and one 5 1/4 inch (13.5cm) square. Cut this single square across diagonally twice to get four triangles.
To make the sewing easier lay the pieces on a flat surface to you can see where each piece should go.
- consists of two squares of material 4 (background) and one star point.
Place right sides together with the star point square in the middle. Sew
and press the seams.
Second row - consists of two star point squares and the one square of material 1. Place right sides together with material 1 in the middle. Sew and press the seams.
Third row - consists of two squares of material 4 (background) and one star point. Place right sides together so that the star point is in the middle. Sew and press the seams matching edges.
Place first row right sides together with second row matching the seams and sew in place.
Place third row right side together onto second row matching seams and sew in place.
Open out and press seam allowances to one side.
This has now completed the Ohio star quilt block and can be used to make a cushion cover or as a quilt with repeating blocks or part of a quilt.