Patterns are very useful as a guide in getting the end result of an item whether it is in sewing or knitting. In sewing these will act as a template that you cut around and will give guidance in where the notches or darts will be located. These are pinned to the fabric and then cut around with sewing scissors.
Making cushions begins with the cushion patterns, some people like to have a specially bought pattern they can easily place it on a piece of fabric and then cut it out and there is nothing wrong in doing it that way. Some more complex cushions do require a pattern but if it is just to get a basic shape these can be done without the need to buy one.
If this sends shivers down the spine then just take a look for things to trace around to get the shape.
From pin cushions to floor cushions sometimes there will not be one available to buy so you can start at the beginning yourself.
Making your own patterns may take you a little longer but you can then have the cushions to suit your own needs. There may be many things to take into consideration when making cushions but first start with the two main ones........
Depending on where you are going to place the cushion then these questions should be sorted out fairly quickly. If you were going to make a pin cushion then you would not need one much bigger than 3 or 4 inches (10 cms) and a scatter cushion wouldn't really be smaller than 6 inches (15.5 cms) but even then it wouldn't give much extra support.
If you struggle in getting some shapes started there are a few ways in making a circular pattern for a round cushion. Cushions that are shaped like a heart can be varied by the depth of the "V" between the halves.
One of the main rules you need to follow is to make sure you allow an extra 5/8 inch (1.5cms) seam allowance or the finished cushion will be smaller than you wanted. You may need to have more seam allowance where you may want to put in a zip, velcro or a press stud strip. This is because these have a set width and may overlap a smaller seam.
Many shopping outlet have patterns and Minerva Crafts do have ones for cushions.
Have fun, experiment and enjoy.